He has a partner in callousness in Antonio—this foreshadows their later treachery on the island. Prospero suggests that Antonio's taste of power awakened in him an even bigger desire for power.
Prospero's loyalty to his brother was so great, and his trust so complete, that he really didn't see this coming. That, of course, allowed Antonio to take it farther. Prospero has the distance and perspective of wisdom when thinking about how they ended up on the island. Antonio's treachery put them there, but the help of the natural elements, and Gonzalo's loyalty, allowed them to survive and prosper. Prospero values the brotherly bond more than Antonio; Prospero assumed his brother would be loyal to him.
Instead, Antonio learned all the tricks of political treachery while serving in the place of Prospero, and used them to betray his brother. Grave sir, hail! I come To answer thy best pleasure. Ariel is loyal to Prospero, but he is also loyal to nature—his source of power and home. Ariel serves two masters, but seems to delight in the natural more than the community service aspect of his job.
My brother's servants Were then my fellows; now they are my men. Antonio comes easily to his acts of betrayal because he has no conscience, or at the least he represses it well.
Actually, we think he doesn't have one. Antonio is an example of how one's conscience can get worn out; evil acts become easier and easier with practice. My spirits are nimble. They fell together all, as by consent. They dropped as by a thunderstroke. What might, Worthy Sebastian?
O, what might—? No more.Prospero finally has all under his control; Ariel has apprehended Alonso, Sebastianand Antonioand they are all waiting for Prospero's judgment. Finally, Prospero makes up his mind against revenge, and makes a speech that signifies his renunciation of magic; the accused and the other nobles enter the magic circle that Prospero has made, and stand there, enchanted, while he speaks.
Prospero charges Alonso with throwing Prospero and his daughter out of Italy, and Antonio and Sebastian with being part of this crime. Prospero announces Ariel's freedom after Ariel sees the party back to Naples, and Ariel sings a song out of joy.
Alonso and Prospero are reconciled after Alonso declares his remorse and repents his wrongs to Prospero and Mirandaand Prospero finally wins back his dukedom from Antonio. Prospero, perhaps unwillingly, also says that he forgives Antonio and Sebastian, though he calls them "wicked" and expresses his reservations about letting them off the hook.
After despairing that his son is dead, Alonso finds out that his son Ferdinand is indeed alive, and the two are reunited; then, Ferdinand and Miranda's engagement is announced, and is approved before the whole party by Alonso and Prospero.
Gonzalo rejoices that on the voyage, such a good match was made, and that the brothers are reunited, and some of the bad blood between them is now flushed out. Ariel has readied Alonso's boat for their departure, and the boatswain shows up again, telling them about what happened to all of the sailors during the tempest. Caliban apologizes to Prospero for taking the foolish Stephano as his master, and Prospero, at last, acknowledges Caliban, and takes him as his own.
Stephano, Trinculoand Caliban's plot is exposed to the whole group, and is immediately forgiven. Prospero invites everyone to pass one last night in the island at his dwelling, and promises to tell the story of his and Miranda's survival, and of the devices of his magic. The play ends with Prospero addressing the audience, telling them that they hold an even greater power than Prospero the character, and can decide what happens next.
Prospero's first words suggest an alchemic metaphor; the words "gather to a head" denote things coming to a climax, but also liquid coming to a boil, and Prospero's "project" is a kind of scientific experiment as well. Prospero, with his somewhat sinister studies in magic and strange powers, is a figure reminiscent of an alchemist as well, though his experiments are more involved with human nature than metallurgy.
Allusions to classical literature also appear in this act, but this time to Ovid rather than Virgil. There are also a few interesting allusions to English folk beliefs in Prospero's speeches, one of them with the "green sour ringlets" that he mentions V. These "ringlets" that he is referring to are fairy rings, or small circles of sour grass caused by the roots of toadstools; according to folk tales, these rings were made by fairies dancing.
Suddenly appearing "midnight mushrooms," as Prospero calls them, were thought to be another sign of fairies' overnight activities. The "curfew" that Prospero mentions in the same speech marked the beginning of the time of night when spirits were believed to walk abroad, and fairies and other creatures were believed to cause their mischief then.All Rights Reserved.
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Drama and Acting. William Shakespeare. Who does prospero forgive in Shakespeares play the tempest? Wiki User King alonso, sebastian, Antonio, Gonzalo, Stephano, Trinculo and caliban. Asked in Ancient Religions Is prospero a roman god? No, Prospero is not a Roman god. Prospero is character from the Shakespearean play entitled 'The Tempest.
Asked in William Shakespeare Which Shakespeare play featured prospero? The Tempest. One of Shakespeare's last play. Prospero is the name of the main character in Shakespeare's play The Tempest.
Asked in William Shakespeare What is Shakespeares latest play? The Tempest written in In Shakespeare's play the Tempest, they are marooned on a small island in the Meditteranean.I am peer tutoring a kid who failed his Tempest test and he needs help before he re-does it, problem is, I haven't read the Tempest. Why does Prospero decide to show mercy to his enemies?
Why is Ariel the first to speak of mercy? Do you think Prospero had planned to forgive them from the beginning? Why does Prospero decide to give up magic? How does he plan to live in the future? Has he changed in any fundamental way or had the change already occurred before the beginning of the action? Are Alonso and Antonio truly sorry for their plot against Prospero? Has their ordeal on the island changed them? Yeah okay thanks. I'm not an idiot though, I can figure out form the answers what is meant by the questions.
The Tempest Themes
An large present of wind, dashing with first-class pace and violence, and generally attended with rain, hail, or snow; a livid hurricane. To disturb as via a tempest. A trendy meeting; a drum. See the Note underneath Drum, n. To hurricane.
Believe it or not, I am not asking you to do my homework. Soooo for those fans of Shakespeare Are Prospero and Caliban reconciled? What does the future hold for Caliban? If you answer these I will answer a million of your questions and give you points. Thanks so much! Update: Yeah okay thanks. Answer Save. Hey, How can you really help him if you, yourself don't know a single thing about The Tempest.
Although Prospero uses magic to regain his place in Italy, magic is also the thing that got him into trouble in the first place—if Prospero hadn't isolated himself with his books, he never would have lost his dukedom. Although the play goes out of its way to differentiate Prospero's studied art from Sycorax's black magic, at times, the play makes us wonder if Prospero and Sycorax don't share more in common.
So says the newly retired magician as he bids adieu to the audience. Since The Tempest is likely the last play Shakespeare wrote by himself, the epilogue has long been cited as Shakespeare's own fond farewell to the stage— sniffle.
Regardless of whether or not we read Prospero the magician as a stand-in for Shakespeare the playwright, the similarities between Prospero's "art" and the "magic" of the theater are undeniable. Like HamletThe Tempest not only features a "play within the play" Prospero's dazzling wedding masque and blatant shout-outs to the theater, but it also features a protagonist who manipulates the play's action like a skillful director.
When Prospero uses his magic to produce a masque, or "some vanity of [his] art," the play makes it clear that the old magician is a lot like a master playwright. It doesn't make any sense to associate a grumpy, revenge-thirsty magician like Prospero with a playwright like Will Shakespeare.
Although the play takes place entirely on an island, The Tempest dramatizes the divide between the courtly worlds and the wilderness. As the play opens, Prospero, a former Italian duke now living in exile, has already journeyed from the court to the remote island and is now trying to return. When Prospero causes his royal enemies to be shipwrecked on his isle, we learn that loyalty to the King is no longer sacred, and court members must abandon their traditions and expectations.
While hierarchy still matters in the pastoral setting, the rules of the court lose authority once court members find themselves in the wilderness. The rules of the court are abandoned by the shipwreck survivors because courtly rules have no place anywhere outside the court.
Forgiveness and How it Changed Prospero – The Tempest
The Tempest is obsessed with the concept of imprisonment—both literal and figurative. Prospero and Miranda are forced to live in exile on a remote island, where Prospero enslaves the island's only native inhabitant Caliban and forces Ariel to do all of his bidding. The theme continues into the epilogue where Shakespeare suggests that, during the performance of a play, actors and playwrights are held captive by powerful audiences who may or may not approve of the artists' work.
Because Prospero forces Ariel to serve him, he is no better than the witch Sycorax, who imprisoned Ariel in a pine tree before Prospero came along and "rescued" the sprite. Prospero is not free because he is subject to his own desire for justice; he is a slave to the past wrongs done to him. Is man more "noble" in a natural state than in a state of civilization?
The Tempest returns to this question over and over again—in its portrayal of the ambiguous "monster" Caliban and in Gonzalo's utopian speech about the ideal state of the island.
Throughout the play which paraphrases a key passage from Montaigne's famous essay " Of Cannibals "Shakespeare also asks whether man can be at one with nature, or whether perhaps by virtue of the biblical Fall in Eden he is destined to make whatever he touches unnatural.
The Tempest Quotes
Gonzalo's utopian speech in Act 1, Scene 1 suggests that man is more noble living in a natural state. Despite Gonzalo's utopian speech in Act 1, Scene 1, the play suggests that man is not more noble living in a natural state—Caliban, after all, is in no way a "noble savage. Loyalty and betrayal are linked to The Tempest 's larger themes of servitude and freedom; either feeling is motivated by how each individual perceives his position relative to others.
Antonio's betrayal of his brother and theft of the dukedom of Milan are the source of conflict in the play, but the action contemporary to the play follows a series of attempted betrayals.
Alonso and Prospero would both be murdered by traitors, but this is thwarted by the actions of loyal characters like Ariel and Gonzalo.
Loyalty and treachery also serve as the two main personality traits of the players. You can separate the loyal out, and divide the bad into those who were misguided and now repentant Loyalty is a farce in the play; everyone follows the courtly rule of swearing loyalty, but gives up on the notion as soon as it is no longer convenient.
Antonio's betrayal of Prospero reminds us that even family members cannot be counted on to be loyal. This is Prospero's startling revelation after years of living in exile and plotting his return to Italy. The Tempest 's emphasis on mercy and forgiveness are hallmarks of Shakespeare's "romances," four plays The Tempest, Pericles, The Winter's Taleand Cymbeline written late in the playwright's career.Using Prospero to narrate all of the characters lines, the audience are given a feeling that everything is being staged by him.
He is in control of the story, and the characters are merely his pawns, acting out his wishes. Towards the end however, Prospero seems to give up control over the other characters and they finally speak in their own voices. The crucial point where this happens is the very beginning of act 5 scene 1, where Ariel speaks to Prospero about the present conditions of all his enemies.
From this point on, all of the characters starts to speak in their own voices. But why this line? What is so special that happens here which made Prospero decide to let the characters speak for themselves?
The answer is probably quite obvious. One of the most obvious themes of The Tempest is forgiveness and reconciliation and it can be said that it is at this point, Prospero decides to not pursue revenge but rather forgive his brother. Hast thou… be kindlier moved than thou art? However, it is not very believable that someone like Prospero, would be dissuaded from revenge so easily, by one single sentence from his servant. There must be other more obscure reasons why Prospero decides to forgive when he has the power to take revenge.
After all, love can dissolve all hatred. This would suggest that Prospero already forgave his enemies at the very beginning of the play. If so, what is the meaning of the exchange between Prospero and Ariel? If Prospero already forgave his brother, why did he act like he was moved by Ariel? These are questions we will never be able to fully answer, but here is my speculation.
Prospero was only pretending to be moved by Ariel. This would mean that Prospero had this in mind already when he started the tempest. He will make his brother and his enemies suffer, but in the end he will play the good person and forgive.In this video Jonathan Slinger talks about how old Prospero is and what might happen to him when he returns to Milan and David Farr, who directed the production intalks about the theme of reconciliation. See if you can complete the grid to make four points that could answer this question.
Looking at the following scenes might also help to collect evidence:. Miranda is fifteen years old and has led a very unusual life. She left Milan when she was three years old and has only a few distant memories of her time there. She has lived on the island for twelve years with only her father and Caliban for company. Her father has been her tutor and has taught her using the books he has. As director Gregory Doran discusses with the actors in this video, there are different possibilities for the relationship between Prospero and Ariel.
Ariel may hate Prospero and only serve him because he has to, or Ariel may feel gratitude and loyalty towards Prospero, or something in between. One of the key questions for this character is:. Caliban is the only human inhabitant of the island when Prospero and Miranda arrive and yet he is often described in ways that make him seem less than human. These descriptions tell us about Caliban, but they may tell us more about the characters who choose to describe him in the way that they do.
These are great questions to explore with students in mind maps, or as class debates. The following activity will also help you explore the character of Caliban even further with students. What is Caliban? Help us by taking a short survey — it will only take a few minutes and will help us make the Shakespeare Learning Zone even better for everyone.
Main Site Menu. Analysis Interrogate Prospero. Point Prospero believes it is the right thing to forgive rather than to take revenge on his enemies. Point Prospero has achieved what he set out to achieve and has nothing more to gain from punishing his enemies further. Explanation Click text to edit Enter your explanation here.